Electronics History Timeline
Electronics History Timeline – Timeline of Discoveries and Inventions in Electronics and Electrical Engineering from 600 BC to 2011
Electronics History Timeline – Timeline of Discoveries and Inventions in History of Electronics & Electrical Engineering from 600 BC to 2011.
What is Electronics?
Electronics is the branch of science that deals with the study of flow and control of electrons (electricity) and the study of their behavior and effects in vacuums, gases, and semiconductors, and with devices using such electrons. This control of electrons is accomplished by electronic components that resist, carry, select, steer, switch, store, manipulate, and exploit the electron.
The branch of physics that deals with the emission and effects of electrons and with the use of electronic devices. Electronics refers to the flow of charge (moving electrons) through non-metal conductors (mainly semiconductors), whereas electrical refers to the flow of charge through metal conductors.
Electronics History Timeline
History of electronics dates back to 600 BC. Let us now have a look at the timeline of discoveries and inventions in the field of electronics and electrical engineering fro 600 BC to 2011.
(600 BC to 2007)
- 600 BC – Thales of Miletus discovered static electricity by rubbing fur on amber.
- 1600 – William Gilbert coined the word electricus that was later termed as Electricity by Benjamin Franklin in 1752.
- 1720 – Stephen Gray discovered insulator and conductor.
- 1745 – Ewald Georg von Kleist and Pieter van Musschenbroek invented Leyden jars.
- 1752 – Benjamin Franklin discovered that lightning is electrical by flying a kite, and explained how Leyden jars work.
- 1783 – Charles Augustin de Coulomb formulated Coulomb’s law.
- 1800 – Alessandro Volta invented battery (Dry Cell).
- 1820 – Hans Christian Orsted discovered magnetic field.
- 1820 – André Marie Ampère published his law of electrodynamics called Ampère’s law.
- 1825 – William Sturgeon developed the first electromagnet.
- 1826 – Georg Ohm introduced Ohm’s Law.
- 1827 – Georg Ohm introduced the concept of electrical resistance.
- 1831 – Michael Faraday published the law of induction.
- 1931 – Michael Faraday invented transformer.
- 1831 – Joseph Henry developed a prototype DC motor.
- 1836 – Nicholas Callan invented transformer.
- 1844 – Samuel Morse developed telegraphy and the Morse code.
- 1856 – Charles Bourseul proposed telephony.
- 1862 – James Clerk Maxwell published four equations bearing his name “Maxwell’s equations“.
- 1876 – Alexander Graham Bell invented telephone.
- 1877 – Thomas Alva Edison invented phonograph.
- 1878 – Joseph Swan invented Incandescent light bulb.
- 1879 – Thomas Alva Edison introduced a long lasting filament for incandescent lamp.
- 1888 – Heinrich Hertz proved that electro magnetic waves travel over some distance.
- 1890 – Thomas Alva Edison invented fuse.
- 1897 – Karl Ferdinand Braun invented cathode ray oscilloscope (CRO).
- 1901 – Guglielmo Marconi made first transatlantic radio broadcast.
- 1904 – John Ambrose Fleming invented diode.
- 1906 – Lee de Forest invented triode.
- 1912 – Edwin Howard Armstrong developed Electronic oscillator.
- 1928 – First experimental Television broadcast in the US.
- 1929 – First public TV broadcast in Germany.
- 1941 – Konrad Zuse developed the first programmable computer.
- 1943 – Eisler invented the Printed Circuit Board.
- 1944 – John Logie Baird developed the first color picture tube.
- 1958 – Jack Kilby invented the integrated circuit (IC).
- 1960 – Theodore Harold Maiman invented the Laser.
- 1962 – Nick Holonyak Jr. invented the LED.
- 1962 – Hofstein, Heiman, and RCA invented MOSFET Transistors.
- 1964 – Kemeny and Kurtz introduced the BASIC programming language.
- 1970 – INTEL introduced the first Microprocessor.
- 1973 – John F. Mitchell and Dr. Martin Cooper of Motorola invented the first mobile phone.
- 2007 – Apple introduced the first iPhone.