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Electronic components are basic electronic element or electronic parts usually packaged in a discrete form with two or more connecting leads or metallic pads.

Electronic Components are intended to be connected together, usually by soldering to a printed circuit board (PCB), to create an electronic circuit with a particular function (for example an amplifier, radio receiver, oscillator, wireless).

Some of the main Electronic Components are: resistor, capacitor, transistor, diode, operational amplifier, resistor array, logic gate etc.

Electronic Components are of 2 types: Passive and Active

Passive electronic components are those that do not have gain or  directionality. They are also called Electrical elements or electrical components. e.g. resistors, capacitors, diodes, Inductors.

Active electronic components
are those that have gain or directionality. e.g. transistors, integrated circuits or ICs, logic gates.
 

Active Electronic Components
 

Resistor Symbol
 

Capacitor Symbol
 

Diode Symbol
 

Inductor Symbol
 
 

Active Electronic Components
 

Junction field effect transistor Symbol
 

Metal oxide field effect transistor (MOSFET) Symbol
 

Bipolar Transistor Symbol
 

Operational amplifier Symbol
 

Logic gate Symbol
 


Here are some of the Electronic Components and their functions in electronics and electrical:

1. Terminals and Connectors: Components to make electrical connection.

2. Resistors: Components used to resist current.

3. Switches: Components that may be made to either conduct (closed) or not (open).
 

 

4. Capacitors: Components that store electrical charge in an electrical field.

5. Magnetic or Inductive Components:
These are Electrical components that use magnetism.
Electronic Components
6. Network Components: Components that use more than 1 type of Passive Component.

7.
Piezoelectric devices, crystals, resonators: Passive components that use piezoelectric. effect.

8. Semiconductors: Electronic control components with no moving parts.

9. Diodes: Components that conduct electricity in only one direction.

10. Transistors: A semiconductor device capable of amplification.

11. Integrated Circuits or ICs: A microelectronic computer circuit incorporated into a chip or semiconductor; a whole system rather than a single component.

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Home

Basics of Electronics History of Electronics Electronics Terms Soldering in Electronics Electronic Circuits

Electronic PCB Assembly Machines & Tools

Electronic Components Electronic / Electrical Materials & Consumables Consumer Electronics Electronic Companies PCB
(Printed Circuit Board)
Electronics Articles Electronics News Electronics Videos Electronics Images Electronics Q&A Solar Energy

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