Solar Panel Installation Guide – Step by Step Process
Solar Panel Installation Guide – Step by Step Process Explained with Diagram, Training Video.
In this Solar Panel Installation Guide I will Explain Step by Step Process on How to Install Solar Panel Diagram, Training Video and Government Schemes and Subsidy.
Solar Panel Installation Tips
Some of the questions that need to be answered before you can install a solar panel are:
Where can I purchase solar panels?
You can purchase solar panels from different solar energy companies and even online stores.
Where to Install Solar Panels?
Solar Panels are generally installed on rooftops, building tops, or stand-alone facilities. It is very important to install your solar panel at location that gets the most direct sun exposure.
Solar Panels perform at optimum capacity when placed in direct sunlight. When you install your Solar Power system, try to position your photovoltaic panels directly under the noontime sun for maximum efficiency from your photovoltaic unit.
Before Installation, take care of any obstructions to sunlight. Remove all unnecessary obstructions and items such as branches that may block sunlight to your solar unit. You should also trace the path of the sun in the sky and make sure there is no object that may cast a shadow over your solar photovoltaic panels. The operating efficiency of your solar energy unit will suffer because of this shadow.
Types of Solar Panel Mounts
Solar Panel Mounts are used to install photovoltaic panels. These mounts are available in 3 main types:
- Pole mounts;
- Roof-ground mounts; and
- Flush mounts.
With the help of these mounts, you can install your solar panel onto an RV, on rooftop or against the side of a pole, on your roof. You can even install them as a free-standing unit.
Things to Do Before Solar Panel Installation
The first step is to calculate the cost involved in setting up the type and size of the system. Remember that Government of Different Countries around the world offer subsidy to encourage Solar Panel Installation and use of Renewable Energy. This subsidy is different in different countries. For e.g. Subsidy offered by USA is different from Subsidy in India or China.
Second step is to make a checklist of the equipment needed for a solar energy system: Solar Panels, Charge Controller, Power Inverter, and Battery.
Size of the System
The next step is to determine the size of the solar system required. You should add up wattage of all the electrical appliances that you plan to use. Calculate how many hours per day the appliances will be used.
If you follow the above steps, you will be able to know the wattage requirement, size of the solar battery needed and the wire size. Remember that correct wire size will prevent overheating of the wires and ensure maximum transfer of power to your batteries.
Solar Panel Installation Diagram
Solar Panel Installation Guide – Step by Step Process
Solar panels can be used to generate electricity for both commercial and home use. In both cases, the Photovoltaic Panel are installed on Roof Top to get maximum possible sunlight and generate maximum electricity from the system.
Following are the steps involved in the installation process:
Step-1: Mount Installation
The first step is to fix the mounts that will support he Solar Panels. It can be Roof-ground mounts or flush mounts depending on the requirement. This base structure provides support and sturdiness. Care is taken on direction in which the PV panels (monocrystalline or polycrystalline) will be installed. For countries in the Northern Hemisphere, the best direction to face solar panels is south because it gets maximum sunlight. East and West directions will also do. For countries in the Southern Hemisphere, the best direction is North.
Again, the mounting structure must be slightly tilted. Angle of the tilt could be between 18 to 36 Degree. Many companies use a solar tracker to increase the conversion efficiency.
Step-2: Install the Solar Panels
Next step is to fix the solar panels with the mounting structure. This is done by tightening nuts and bolts. Care is taken to secure the whole structure properly so that it is sturdy and lasts long.
Step-3: Do Electrical Wiring
Next step is to do the electrical wiring. Universal Connectors like MC4 are used during wiring because these connectors can be connected with all type of solar panels. These panels can be electrically connected with each other in following series:
- Series Connection: In this case, the Positive (+) Wire is of one PV module is connected to the Negative (–) Wire of another module. This type of wiring increases the voltage match with the battery bank.
- Parallel Connection: In this case, Positive (+) to Positive (+) and Negative (–) to Negative (–) connection is done. This type of wiring voltage of each panel remains same.
Step-4: Connect the System to Solar Inverter
Next step is to connect the system to a solar inverter. The Positive wire from the solar panel is connected to the Positive terminal of the inverter and the Negative wire is connected to the Negative terminal of the inverter.
The solar inverter is then connected to the Solar Battery and Grid input to produce electricity.
Step-5: Connect Solar Inverter and Solar Battery
Next step is to connect the solar inverter and the solar battery. The positive terminal of the battery is connected with the positive terminal of the inverter and negative to negative. Battery is needed in off grid solar system to store electricity backup.
Step-6: Connect Solar Inverter to the Grid
Next step is to connect the inverter to the grid. To make this connection, a normal plug is used to connect to the main power switch board. An output wire is connected with electric board that supplies electricity to the home.
Step: 7: Start Solar Inverter
Now when all the electrical wiring and connections are done, it is time to start the inverter switch ON the Main Switch of the Home. Most solar inverters will have digital display to show you stats regarding generation and usage of solar unit.
That’s all. Enjoy FREE Renewable Green Energy for Years and Years.
Video: Solar Panel Installation Guide
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